Aggregate Turnover under GST (Detailed Analysis & Changes)

Checkout detailed explanation on the concept of Aggregate Turnover under GST Law. We have discussed how the GST Definition of Aggregate Turnover has changed and what are the important additions and deletions. You can also read our earlier article on Impact of GST on Telecom Sector and Time of Supply of Goods under GST Law. This article on Aggregate Turnover under GST is contributed by CA Pradeep Agrawal.

This analysis on Aggregate Turnover was provided only for educational purpose and readers are requested not to use it for any commercial purpose.

Aggregate Turnover under GST (Detailed Analysis & Changes)

 Introduction to Aggregate Turnover in GST

As we have discussed in earlier GST updates that registration under GST regime is required only if the turnover of the assessee crosses the threshold limit of Rs twenty lakhs. Today in this update we shall analyse the definition of aggregate turnover and changes brought in by Revised GST Draft Law.

The definition of aggregate turnover under revised GST Draft Law is under section 2(6) which states that the aggregate turnover shall include all taxable supplies, exempt supplies, exports of goods and/or services and inter-State supplies of a person having the same PAN.

The turnover is to be computed on all India basis and it shall exclude taxes, charged under the CGST Act, SGST Act and the IGST Act. Further an explanation has been provided which states that payments made under reverse charge mechanism shall not be included in computation of aggregate turnover.

The definition visibly states that while computing aggregate turnover the assessee shall have to include exempted turnover also. By this government aims to bring major chunk of suppliers under ambit of tax as now even though the supplier supplies majorly exempted goods but a small portion of taxable goods and crosses the threshold, he shall have to get registered and pay taxes under GST.

Important Changes in Aggregate Turnover Definition in GST

The removal of ‘non taxable supplies’ from the definition. Under old GST law, this was also included in the definition. It was thought to be a welcoming change on government’s behalf as already the threshold limit given is too less and then including non taxable supplies along with exempted supplies further narrows the threshold limit. But the definition of “exempt supply” is given under Section 2(44) of revised GST Act which reads as follows:-

Exempt supply” means supply of any goods and/or services which are not taxable under this Act and includes such supply of goods and/or services which attract nil rate of tax or which may be exempt from tax under section 11 ;

Hence the delight was short lived as non taxable supplies has been included in definition of exempted supplies and thus still remains the element of this definition indirectly.

Interstate supplies have also been now explicitly mentioned and included in the computation which earlier was not direct part of the definition. But the earlier definition in old draft GST law does not included interstate supply.

This means that the person was eligible of threshold exemption for interstate supply upto Rs. 20 Lakh. However, the Schedule V of revised GST law says in point number 6(i) that person making interstate supply without threshold exemption limit has to register himself. It implies that person has to pay the tax on interstate supply even on single transaction.

When this provision in old GST law came then everyone was of the view that assessee has to pay the GST even for single transaction of interstate supply. After registration, he has to pay the tax on each supply. This interpretation came from the concept of voluntary registration.

But inclusion of interstate supply in definition of “aggregate turnover” together with registration requirement with schedule V leads to two interpretations viz:-

a. The single transaction interstate supply will be liable to tax and registration is to be taken for the same. But exemption of Rs. 20 lakh will be separately allowed for intra state supply. But the turnover of interstate supply will also be covered under “aggregate turnover”.

b. The interstate supply will also be eligible for threshold exemption of Rs. 20 Lakh but the person has to get registration and file returns. But his liability will not start as soon as he get registered.

But we have to study these interpretations in light of the revised GST provisions and views from citizens are invited for the same.


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