GATE Chemistry Syllabus (GATE Chemistry Notes PDF and also Books, Chemistry Question Papers) : Download GATE Chemistry Syllabus in PDF for the upcoming year updated as per recent official notifications from the Indian Institute of Science. Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds. The overall GATE Chemistry Syllabus for next exam has been officially released recently and we have provided below the updated details on that. With Proper preparation, GATE Chemistry Syllabus can be easily taken over to the perfection.
GATE Chemistry Syllabus Details
|Overall Syllabus Scope||3 Sections|
|GATE Chemistry Syllabus PDF||Download|
|Good Preparation Time||625 Hours|
Prelude to GATE Chemistry Syllabus
Chemistry is probably one among the few streams of engineering that has not got the same level of popularity as other flashy departments. Probably Chemistry doesn’t need publicity to increase the scope, as India is the land of billion people.
Even through the Chemistry Syllabus portion in GATE looks very huge and hard to study, once you start reading through few chapters, you will come to an absolute conclusion that GATE Chemistry Syllabus is one of the most interesting and easiest of all the papers in entire GATE Syllabus.
GATE Chemistry Question Papers
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Section A: GATE Chemistry Syllabus
- Postulates of quantum mechanics. Time dependent and time independent Schrödinger equations.
- Born interpretation. Particle in a box. Harmonic oscillator.
- Rigid rotor. Hydrogen atom: atomic orbitals.
- Multi-electron atoms: orbital approximation.
- Variation and first order perturbation techniques.
- Chemical bonding: Valence bond theory and LCAO-MO theory. Hybrid orbitals.
- Applications of LCAO-MOT to H2+, H2 and other homonuclear diatomic molecules,
- heteronuclear diatomic molecules like HF, CO, NO, and to simple delocalized π– electron systems.
- Hückel approximation and its application to annular π – electron systems.
- Symmetry elements and operations. Point groups and character tables.
- Origin of selection rules for rotational, vibrational, electronic and Raman spectroscopy of diatomic and polyatomic molecules.
- Einstein coefficients.
- Relationship of transition moment integral with molar extinction coefficient and oscillator strength.
- Basic principles of nuclear magnetic resonance: nuclear g factor, chemical shift, nuclear coupling.
- Laws of thermodynamics. Standard states. Thermochemistry.
- Thermodynamic functions and their relationships: Gibbs-Helmholtz and Maxwell relations, van’t Hoff equation.
- Criteria of spontaneity and equilibrium. Absolute entropy.
- Partial molar quantities. Thermodynamics of mixing. Chemical potential.
- Fugacity, activity and activity coefficients. Chemical equilibria.
- Dependence of equilibrium constant on temperature and pressure.
- Non-ideal solutions. Ionic mobility and conductivity.
- Debye-Hückel limiting law. Debye-Hückel-Onsager equation.
- Standard electrode potentials and electrochemical cells.
- Potentiometric and conductometric titrations. Phase rule.
- ClausiusClapeyron equation.
- Phase diagram of one component systems: CO2, H2O, S;
- two component systems: liquid-vapour, liquid-liquid and solid-liquid systems.
- Fractional distillation. Azeotropes and eutectics.
- Statistical thermodynamics: microcanonical and canonical ensembles,
- Boltzmann distribution, partition functions and thermodynamic properties.
- Transition state theory: Eyring equation, thermodynamic aspects.
- Potential energy surfaces and classical trajectories.
- Elementary, parallel, opposing and consecutive reactions.
- Steady state approximation. Mechanisms of complex reactions.
- Unimolecular reactions. Kinetics of polymerization and enzyme catalysis.
- Fast reaction kinetics: relaxation and flow methods.
- Kinetics of photochemical and photophysical processes.
Surfaces and Interfaces
- Physisorption and chemisorption.
- Langmuir, Freundlich and BET isotherms.
- Surface catalysis: Langmuir-Hinshelwood mechanism.
- Surface tension, viscosity. Self-assembly.
- Physical chemistry of colloids, micelles and macromolecules.
Section B: GATE Chemistry Syllabus
Main Group Elements
- Hydrides, halides, oxides, oxoacids, nitrides, sulfides – shapes and reactivity.
- Structure and bonding of boranes, carboranes, silicones, silicates,
- boron nitride, borazines and phosphazenes. Allotropes of carbon.
- Chemistry of noble gases, pseudohalogens, and interhalogen compounds.
- Acid-base concepts.
- Coordination chemistry – structure and isomerism, theories of bonding (VBT, CFT, and MOT).
- Energy level diagrams in various crystal fields, CFSE,
- applications of CFT, Jahn-Teller distortion.
- Electronic spectra of transition metal complexes: spectroscopic term symbols,
- selection rules, Orgel diagrams, charge-transfer spectra.
- Magnetic properties of transition metal complexes.
- Reaction mechanisms: kinetic and thermodynamic stability,
- substitution and redox reactions.
Lanthanides and Actinides: Recovery. Periodic properties, spectra and magnetic properties.
- 18-Electron rule; metal-alkyl, metal-carbonyl,
- metal-olefin and metalcarbene complexes and metallocenes.
- Fluxionality in organometallic complexes.
- Types of organometallic reactions.
- Homogeneous catalysis – Hydrogenation, hydroformylation,
- acetic acid synthesis, metathesis and olefin oxidation.
- Heterogeneous catalysis – FischerTropsch reaction, Ziegler-Natta polymerization.
Radioactivity: Decay processes, half-life of radioactive elements, fission and fusion processes.
- Ion (Na+ and K+) transport, oxygen binding, transport and utilization,
- electron transfer reactions, nitrogen fixation,
- metalloenzymes containing magnesium,
- molybdenum, iron, cobalt, copper and zinc.
- Crystal systems and lattices, Miller planes, crystal packing,
- crystal defects, Bragg’s law, ionic crystals,
- structures of AX, AX2, ABX3 type compounds,
- spinels, band theory, metals and semiconductors.
Instrumental Methods of Analysis
- UV-visible spectrophotometry, NMR and ESR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry.
- Chromatography including GC and HPLC.
- Electroanalytical methods- polarography, cyclic voltammetry,
- ion-selective electrodes.
- Thermoanalytical methods.
Section C: GATE Chemistry Syllabus
- Chirality of organic molecules with or without chiral centres and determination of their absolute configurations.
- Relative stereochemistry in compounds having more than one stereogenic centre.
- Homotopic, enantiotopic and diastereotopic atoms, groups and faces.
- Stereoselective and stereospecific synthesis.
- Conformational analysis of acyclic and cyclic compounds.
- Geometrical isomerism.
- Configurational and conformational effects, and neighbouring group participation on reactivity and selectivity/specificity.
- Basic mechanistic concepts – kinetic versus thermodynamic control, Hammond’s postulate and Curtin-Hammett principle.
- Methods of determining reaction mechanisms through identification of products, intermediates and isotopic labeling.
- Nucleophilic and electrophilic substitution reactions (both aromatic and aliphatic).
- Addition reactions to carbon-carbon and carbon-heteroatom (N,O) multiple bonds.
- Elimination reactions.
- Reactive intermediates – carbocations, carbanions,
- carbenes, nitrenes, arynes and free radicals.
- Molecular rearrangements involving electron deficient atoms.
- Synthesis, reactions, mechanisms and selectivity involving the following classes of compounds – alkenes, alkynes, arenes, alcohols, phenols, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, esters, nitriles, halides, nitro compounds, amines and amides.
- Uses of Mg, Li, Cu, B, Zn and Si based reagents in organic synthesis.
- Carbon-carbon bond formation through coupling reactions – Heck, Suzuki, Stille and Sonogoshira.
- Concepts of multistep synthesis – retrosynthetic analysis, strategic disconnections, synthons and synthetic equivalents.
- Umpolung reactivity – formyl and acyl anion equivalents.
- Selectivity in organic synthesis – chemo-, regio- and stereoselectivity.
- Protection and deprotection of functional groups.
- Concepts of asymmetric synthesis – resolution (including enzymatic), desymmetrization and use of chiral auxilliaries.
- Carbon-carbon bond forming reactions through enolates (including boron enolates), enamines and silyl enol ethers.
- Michael addition reaction.
- Stereoselective addition to C=O groups (Cram and Felkin-Anh models).
Pericyclic Reactions and Photochemistry
- Electrocyclic, cycloaddition and sigmatropic reactions.
- Orbital correlations – FMO and PMO treatments.
- Photochemistry of alkenes, arenes and carbonyl compounds.
- Photooxidation and photoreduction.
- Di-π-methane rearrangement, Barton reaction.
Heterocyclic Compounds: Structure, preparation, properties and reactions of furan, pyrrole, thiophene, pyridine, indole, quinoline and isoquinoline.
- Structure, properties and reactions of mono- and di-saccharides,
- physicochemical properties of amino acids, chemical synthesis of peptides,
- structural features of proteins, nucleic acids,
- steroids, terpenoids, carotenoids, and alkaloids.
Spectroscopy: Applications of UV-visible, IR, NMR and Mass spectrometry in the structural determination of organic molecules.
Also See Syllabus Details of Other Courses like:
Conclusion on GATE Chemistry Syllabus
It is always said that the wise men words are often neglected. However, we would like to again stress the fact that the Chemistry Syllabus in GATE is one of the most important and crucial things that has to be properly taken care of.
Not just for examination point of view, Chemistry Syllabus in GATE helps you in the overal development to become a good responsible officer who will play a crucial role in the development of the country in the decades to come.
Chemistry can be a good optional if you are extremely brilliant at it but i do have a few problems. Chemistry is going to help in any possible way.
If readers have any further questions on GATE Chemistry Syllabus, you can drop us a mail or even post your question below on our comments section.
- 1 GATE Chemistry Syllabus Details
- 2 Prelude to GATE Chemistry Syllabus
- 3 GATE Chemistry Question Papers
- 4 Section A: GATE Chemistry Syllabus
- 5 Section B: GATE Chemistry Syllabus
- 6 Section C: GATE Chemistry Syllabus
- 7 Also See Syllabus Details of Other Courses like:
- 8 Conclusion on GATE Chemistry Syllabus