Section 68 Income Tax Act | Unexplained Cash Credits |

Section 68 of the Income Tax 1961 lays down provisions penalty for unexplained cash credits and Unexplained income in an Assessee’s books of accounts. When an Assessee has no proper explanation regarding any Cash Credits to his Bank Account or Account Books, he shall be liable to pay tax and penalty under Section 68. In our earlier article, we already provided detailed explanation on procedure to declare income under the PMGKY Scheme and also Penalty under section 270A for any undisclosed income.
Section 68 Income Tax Act Unexplained Cash Credits

Section 68 Applicability

This section is applicable to all the assessees

  • The amount is credited in the books of the assesses
  • The assessee has no explanation about its nature or source or the explanation provided is not satisfactory
  • Than the amount credited is treated as the income of the previous year in which it is found credited

When we talk about the explanation the onus is on the assesses to rebut the same if he fails to rebut it, it can be held against him.

For cash credit to be genuine the assessee must provide the identity of creditor, capacity of such creditor to advance money and genuineness of transaction. Mere filling of confirmation letters does not discharge onus that lies on assesses.

Sources : Section 68

Onus is placed on the assessee to disclose the identity of creditors and he is not required to prove the genuineness of transactions as between its creditors and creditors source of income.

Gifts : Section 68 Income Tax Act

Where assessee received gift of certain sum of money and the person has made a gift by demand draft and had also produced evidence in support of source from which funds for making gifts were available with him than genuineness of gift could not be disbelieved and gifted money could not be treated as undisclosed income.

In case of liability : Section 68 Income Tax Act

If the liability shown in the books of accounts is found to be bogus and no reasonable explanation is offered by assessee, the amount can be added towards the income of the assessee and brought to tax in his hands.

In case of carried forward credit : Section 68 Income Tax Act

As far as taxation is concern the tax can be imposed on the credit of the current year only no carried forward credit can brought in to tax burden.

In case of partnership firm and capital contribution by partner

When capital contribution is made by partner and the source of capital contribution can not be established than the income can not be added to the firm rather the partner has to be asked for the source in his individual capacity.

In case of share application money and company : Section 68 Income Tax Act

When the revenue believes that the share holders are bogus than AO can not impose the section 68 and added the amount in income as far as company is concern rather AO is free to open the individual assessment of each shareholder.

But in case of company when shares are issued to non-existent persons it implies that no valid shares have been issued at all. Only if the share holders exist, the share money so received can be treated as capital receipt.

When an assessee does not offer any explanation at all as to the source of money credited to non existing share holders, the provision of section 68 can be invoked and the sum credited shall be treated as income of the previous year in which such credit entries were found.

All the above mentioned income shall be chargeable to tax under the income from other sources at special rates u/s 115BBE at the rate of 30%.


The importance of Section 68 of Income Tax Act has grow further in the recent times after the recent Demonetization scheme launched by the Central Government of India.