UPSC Anthropology Syllabus 2018 (IAS Mains Optional PDF)

UPSC Anthropology Syllabus 2018 (UPSC Mails Anthropology Hindi Syllabus PDF): Download UPSC Anthropology Syllabus in PDF for the upcoming year updated as per recent official notifications from the Central UPSC Exams Board. Anthropology is the study of various aspects of humans within past and present societies. The overall UPSC Anthropology Syllabus for 2018 has been officially released recently and we have provided below the updated details on that. UPSC for Prelims consists of topics such as Current Affairs, Geography, Indian Polity etc. UPSC Syllabus for mains consists a total of 9 papers out of which 2 will be language papers.

Details of UPSC Anthropology Syllabus 2018

Anthropology Syllabus Scope 4 Divisions
Preparation Time 380 Hours
Papers Two
Syllabus PDF File Download

Divisions in UPSC Anthropology Syllabus

The whole UPSC Anthropology syllabus has been divided into two papers. Paper-I of Anthropology syllabus consists of its basic Scope, Introduction topics, Relevance of Anthropology in the current political environment etc.

Paper-II of UPSC Anthropology syllabus consists of topics such as Evolution of Indian Culture, Demographic Profile of India, Caste System in India, Indian Village and significance of Villages in India etc.

UPSC Anthropology Paper-I Syllabus

Anthropology, their scope and relevance:

  • Social- cultural Anthropology.
  • Biological Anthropology.
  • Archaeological Anthropology.
  • Linguistic Anthropology.

Human Evolution and emergence of Man : UPSC Anthropology Syllabus

  • Biological and Cultural factors in human evolution.
  • Theories of Organic Evolution (Pre- Darwinian, Darwinian and PostDarwinian).
  • Synthetic theory of evolution
  • Brief outline of terms and concepts of evolutionary biology

Primates : UPSC Anthropology Syllabus

  • Characteristics of Primates
  • Evolutionary Trend and Primate Taxonomy
  • Primate Adaptations
  • Primate Behavior
  • Tertiary and Quaternary fossil primates
  • Living Major Primates
  • Comparative Anatomy of Man and Apes
  • Skeletal changes due to erect posture and its implications

Marriage : UPSC Anthropology Syllabus

  • Definition and universality
  • Laws of marriage
  • Types of marriage
  • Functions of marriage
  • Marriage regulations
  • Marriage payments

Marriage : UPSC Anthropology Syllabus

  • Family Definition and universality
  • Family, household and domestic groups
  • functions of family
  • Types of family (from the perspectives of structure
  • blood relation
  • Impact of urbanization
  • industrialization and feminist movements on family

Economic organization : UPSC Anthropology Syllabus 

Meaning, scope and relevance of economic anthropology; Formalist and Substantivist debate; Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on hunting and gathering, fishing, swiddening, pastoralism, horticulture, and agriculture; globalization and indigenous economic systems.

Political organization and Social Control : UPSC Anthropology Syllabus

Band, tribe, chiefdom, kingdom and state; concepts of power, authority and legitimacy; social control, law and justice in simple societies.

Religion :  UPSC Anthropology Syllabus

Anthropological approaches to the study of religion (evolutionary, psychological and functional); monotheism and polytheism; sacred and profane; myths and rituals; forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies (animism, animatism, fetishism, naturism and totemism); religion, magic and science distinguished; magico- religious functionaries (priest, shaman, medicine man, sorcerer and witch).

Anthropological theories : UPSC Anthropology Syllabus

  1. Classical evolutionism (Tylor, Morgan and Frazer)
  2. Historical particularism (Boas);
  3. Diffusionism (British, German and American)
  4. Functionalism (Malinowski); Structural- functionlism (RadcliffeBrown)
  5. Structuralism (L’evi – Strauss and E. Leach)
  6. Culture and personality (Benedict, Mead, Linton, Kardiner and Cora – du Bois).
  7. Neo – evolutionism (Childe, White, Steward, Sahlins and Service)
  8. Cultural materialism (Harris)
  9. Symbolic and interpretive theories (Turner, Schneider and Geertz)
  10. Cognitive theories (Tyler, Conklin)
  11. Post- modernism in anthropology

Other Topics : UPSC Anthropology Paper-I Syllabus

Culture, language and communication: Nature, origin and characteristics of language; verbal and non-verbal communication; social context of language use.

Research methods in anthropology: (a) Fieldwork tradition in anthropology (b) Distinction between technique, method and methodology (c) Tools of data collection: observation, interview, schedules, questionnaire, Case study, genealogy, life-history, oral history, secondary sources of information, participatory methods. (d) Analysis, interpretation and presentation of data.

Human Genetics : Methods and Application: Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study (pedigree analysis, twin study, foster child, co-twin method, cytogenetic method, chromosomal and karyo-type analysis), biochemical methods, immunological methods, D.N.A. technology and recombinant technologies.

Mendelian genetics in man-family study, single factor, multifactor, lethal, sub-lethal and polygenic inheritance in man.

Concept of genetic polymorphism and selection, Mendelian population, HardyWeinberg law; causes and changes which bring down frequency – mutation, isolation, migration, selection, inbreeding and genetic drift. Consanguineous and non-consanguineous mating, genetic load, genetic effect of consanguineous and cousin marriages.

Chromosomes and chromosomal aberrations in man, methodology. (a) Numerical and structural aberrations (disorders). (b) Sex chromosomal aberrations – Klinefelter (XXY), Turner (XO), Super female (XXX), intersex and other syndromic disorders. (c) Autosomal aberrations – Down syndrome, Patau, Edward and Cri-duchat syndromes. (d) Genetic imprints in human disease, genetic screening, genetic counseling, human DNA profiling, gene mapping and genome study.

Race and racism, biological basis of morphological variation of non-metric and metric characters. Racial criteria, racial traits in relation to heredity and environment; biological basis of racial classification, racial differentiation and race crossing in man.

Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- ABO, Rh blood groups, HLA Hp, transferring, Gm, blood enzymes. Physiological characteristicsHb level, body fat, pulse rate, respiratory functions and sensory perceptions in different cultural and socio-economic groups.

Concepts and methods of Ecological Anthropology. Bio-cultural Adaptations – Genetic and Non- genetic factors. Man’s physiological responses to environmental stresses: hot desert, cold, high altitude climate.

Epidemiological Anthropology: Health and disease. Infectious and non-infectious diseases. Nutritional deficiency related diseases.

Concept of human growth and development: stages of growth – pre-natal, natal, infant, childhood, adolescence, maturity, senescence. – Factors affecting growth and development genetic, environmental, biochemical, nutritional, cultural and socio-economic. – Ageing and senescence. Theories and observations – biological and chronological longevity. Human physique and somatotypes. Methodologies for growth studies.

Relevance of menarche, menopause and other bioevents to fertility. Fertility patterns and differentials.

Demographic theories- biological, social and cultural.

Biological and socio-ecological factors influencing fecundity, fertility, natality and mortality.

Applications of Anthropology: Anthropology of sports, Nutritional anthropology, Anthropology in designing of defence and other equipments, Forensic Anthropology, Methods and principles of personal identification and reconstruction, Applied human genetics – Paternity diagnosis, genetic counseling and eugenics, DNA technology in diseases and medicine, serogenetics and cytogenetics in reproductive biology.

UPSC Anthropology Paper-II Syllabus

Evolution of the Indian Culture and Civilization

Prehistoric (Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic and Neolithic – Chalcolithic). Protohistoric (Indus Civilization): Pre- Harappan, Harappan and post- Harappan cultures. Contributions of tribal cultures to Indian civilization.

Palaeo -anthropological evidences from India with special reference to Siwaliks and Narmada basin (Ramapithecus, Sivapithecus and Narmada Man).

Ethno-archaeology in India :

The concept of ethno-archaeology; Survivals and Parallels among the hunting, foraging, fishing, pastoral and peasant communities including arts and crafts producing communities.

Demographic profile of India –

Ethnic and linguistic elements in the Indian population and their distribution. Indian population – factors influencing its structure and growth.

The structure and nature of traditional Indian social system – Varnashram, Purushartha, Karma, Rina and Rebirth.

Caste system in India

structure and characteristics, Varna and caste, Theories of origin of caste system, Dominant caste, Caste mobility, Future of caste system, Jajmani system, Tribecaste continuum.

Sacred Complex and Nature- ManSpirit Complex.

Impact of Buddhism, Jainism, Islam and Christianity on Indian society.

Emergence and growth of anthropology in India-Contributions of the 18th, 19th and early 20th Century scholar-administrators. Contributions of Indian anthropologists to tribal and caste studies.

Indian Village: Significance of village study in India; Indian village as a social system; Traditional and changing patterns of settlement and inter-caste relations; Agrarian relations in Indian villages; Impact of globalization on Indian villages.

Linguistic and religious minorities and their social, political and economic status.

Indigenous and exogenous processes of socio-cultural change in Indian society: Sanskritization, Westernization, Moderni-zation; Inter-play of little and great traditions; Panchayati raj and social change; Media and social change.

Tribal situation in India – Bio-genetic variability, linguistic and socio-economic characteristics of tribal populations and their distribution.

Problems of the tribal Communities – land alienation, poverty, indebtedness, low literacy, poor educational facilities, unemployment, underemployment, health and nutrition.

Developmental projects and their impact on tribal displacement and problems of rehabilitation. Development of forest policy and tribals. Impact of urbanization and industrialization on tribal populations.

Problems of exploitation and deprivation of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes. Constitutional safeguards for Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes.

Social change and contemporary tribal societies: Impact of modern democratic institutions, development programmes and welfare measures on tribals and weaker sections.

The concept of ethnicity; Ethnic conflicts and political developments; Unrest among tribal communities; Regionalism and demand for autonomy; Pseudo-tribalism; Social change among the tribes during colonial and post-Independent India.

Impact of Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam and other religions on tribal societies.

Tribe and nation state – a comparative study of tribal communities in India and other countries.

History of administration of tribal areas, tribal policies, plans, programmes of tribal development and their implementation. The concept of PTGs (Primitive Tribal Groups), their distribution, special programmes for their development. Role of N.G.O.s in tribal development.

Role of anthropology in tribal and rural development.

Contributions of anthropology to the understanding of regionalism, communalism, and ethnic and political movements.

Conclusion : UPSC Anthropology Syllabus

It is always said that the wise men words are often neglected. However, we would like to again stress the fact that the Anthropology Syllabus in UPSC is one of the most important and crucial things that has to be properly taken care of.

Not just for examination point of view, Anthropology Syllabus in UPSC helps you in the overal development to become a good responsible officer who will play a crucial role in the development of the country in the decades to come.