UPSC Law Syllabus (IAS Mains 2018 PDF Optional Paper)

UPSC Law Syllabus (UPSC Mains Law Notes PDF and also Books, Law Question Papers) : Download UPSC Law Syllabus in PDF for the upcoming year updated as per recent official notifications from the Central UPSC Exams Board. Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior. Law as a system helps regulate and ensure that a community show respect, and equality amongst themselves. The overall UPSC Law Syllabus for next exam has been officially released recently and we have provided below the updated details on that. With Proper preparation, UPSC Law Syllabus can be easily taken over to the perfection.

Important Details on UPSC Law Syllabus

Syllabus Scope 2 Sections
UPSC Law Syllabus Download
Total Subtopics Six
Preparation Time 620 Hours

Prelude to UPSC Law Syllabus

Note First and foremost, you must talk to someone who has taken Law as an optional earlier and take their advice. There has been a common misconception among the students that UPSC Law Syllabus is a hard nut to crack and its better to leave it as an optional paper. You are absolutely wrong.

Even through the Law Syllabus portion in UPSC looks very huge and hard to study, once you start reading through few chapters, you will come to an absolute conclusion that UPSC Law Syllabus is one of the most interesting and easiest of all the papers in entire UPSC Syllabus.

UPSC Law Question Papers

Below we have provided the exclusive downloads of UPSC Law Question Papers. These Law Question Papers have been compressed so that the download will be much faster and it will consume less internet data.

Note that these UPSC Law Question Papers has been optimized for viewing on Mobile Devices and Tablets.

Section A: UPSC Law Syllabus

Constitutional and Administrative Law

  1. Constitution and Constitutionalism: The distinctive features of the Constitution.
  2. Fundamental rights – Public interest litigation; Legal Aid; Legal services authority.
  3. Relationship between fundamental rights, directive principles and fundamental duties.
  4. Constitutional position of the President and relation with the Council of Ministers.
  5. Governor and his powers.
  6. Supreme Court and High Courts: (a) Appointments and transfer. (b) Powers, functions and jurisdiction.
  7. Centre, States and local bodies: (a) Distribution of legislative powers between the Union and the States. (b) Local bodies. (c) Administrative relationship among Union, State and Local Bodies. (d) Eminent domain – State property – common property – community property.
  8. Legislative powers, privileges and immunities.
  9. Services under the Union and the States: (a) Recruitment and conditions of services; Constitutional safeguards; Administrative tribunals. (b) Union Public Service Commission and State Public Service Commissions – Power and functions (c) Election Commission – Power and functions.
  10. Emergency provisions.
  11. Amendment of the Constitution.
  12. Principles of natural justice – Emerging trends and judicial approach.
  13. Delegated legislation and its constitutionality.
  14. Separation of powers and constitutional governance.
  15. Judicial review of administrative action.
  16. Ombudsman: Lokayukta, Lokpal etc.

International Law 

  1. Nature and definition of international law.
  2. Relationship between international law and municipal law.
  3. State recognition and state succession.
  4. Law of the sea: Inland waters, territorial sea, contiguous zone, continental shelf, exclusive economic zone, high seas.
  5. Individuals: Nationality, statelessness; Human rights and procedures available for their enforcement.
  6. Territorial jurisdiction of States, extradition and asylum.
  7. Treaties: Formation, application, termination and reservation.
  8. United Nations: Its principal organs, powers, functions and reform.
  9. Peaceful settlement of disputes – different modes.
  10. Lawful recourse to force: aggression, self-defence, intervention.
  11. Fundamental principles of international humanitarian law – International conventions and contemporary developments.
  12. Legality of the use of nuclear weapons; ban on testing of nuclear weapons; Nuclear – non proliferation treaty, CTBT.
  13. International terrorism, state sponsored terrorism, hijacking, international criminal court.
  14. New international economic order and monetary law: WTO, TRIPS, GATT, IMF, World Bank.
  15. Protection and improvement of the human environment: International efforts.

Section B: UPSC Law Syllabus

Law of Crimes

  1. General principles of criminal liability: Mens rea and actus reus, mens rea in statutory offences.
  2. Kinds of punishment and emerging trends as to abolition of capital punishment.
  3. Preparation and criminal attempt.
  4. General exceptions.
  5. Joint and constructive liability.
  6. Abetment.
  7. Criminal conspiracy.
  8. Offences against the State.
  9. Offences against public tranquility.
  10. Offences against human body.
  11. Offences against property.
  12. Offences against women.
  13. Defamation.
  14. Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.
  15. Protection of Civil Rights Act 1955 and subsequent legislative developments. 16. Plea bargaining.

UPSC Law Syllabus (UPSC Mains Law Notes PDF and also Books Law Question Papers FinApp

Law of Torts

  1. Nature and definition.
  2. Liability based upon fault and strict liability; Absolute liability.
  3. Vicarious liability including State liability.
  4. General defences.
  5. Joint tort feasors.
  6. Remedies.
  7. Negligence.
  8. Defamation.
  9. Nuisance.
  10. Conspiracy.
  11. False imprisonment.
  12. Malicious prosecution.
  13. Consumer Protection Act, 1986.

Law of Contracts and Mercantile Law

  1. Nature and formation of contract/Econtract.
  2. Factors vitiating free consent.
  3. Void, voidable, illegal and unenforceable agreements.
  4. Performance and discharge of contracts.
  5. Quasi- Contracts.
  6. Consequences of breach of contract.
  7. Contract of indemnity, guarantee and insurance.
  8. Contract of agency.
  9. Sale of goods and hire purchase.
  10. Formation and dissolution of partnership.
  11. Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881.
  12. Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996.
  13. Standard form contracts.

Contemporary Legal Developments

  1. Public Interest Litigation.
  2. Intellectual property rights – Concept, types/prospects.
  3. Information Technology Law including Cyber Laws – Concept, purpose/prospects.
  4. Competition Law- Concept, purpose/ prospects.
  5. Alternate Dispute Resolution – Concept, types/prospects.
  6. Major statutes concerning environmental law.
  7. Right to Information Act.
  8. Trial by media.

Also See Syllabus Details of Other Courses like:

UPSC Anthropology Syllabus UPSC Psychology Syllabus
GATE AE Syllabus CFA Level 1 Syllabus
FRM Level 1 Syllabus CS Professional Syllabus
UPSC Geography Syllabus UPSC Botany Syllabus
UPSC Zoology Syllabus UPSC Statistics Syllabus
UPSC Maths Syllabus UPSC Physics Syllabus

Conclusion on UPSC Mains Law Syllabus

It is always said that the wise men words are often neglected. However, we would like to again stress the fact that the Law Syllabus in UPSC is one of the most important and crucial things that has to be properly taken care of.

Not just for examination point of view, Law Syllabus in UPSC helps you in the overal development to become a good responsible officer who will play a crucial role in the development of the country in the decades to come.

Law can be a good optional if you are extremely brilliant at it but i do have a few problems. Lawis not going to help an ias in any possible way.

There has been a news circulating that, UPSC may remove optionals in coming years.mind you its not a rumor but actual happening in near future.

If readers have any further questions on UPSC Law Syllabus, you can drop us a mail or even post your question below on our comments section.