UPSC Philosophy Syllabus (IAS Mains 2018 PDF Optional Paper)

UPSC Philosophy Syllabus (UPSC Mains Philosophy Notes PDF and also Books, Philosophy Question Papers) : Download UPSC Philosophy Syllabus in PDF for the upcoming year updated as per recent official notifications from the Central UPSC Exams Board. Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. The term was probably coined by Pythagoras. The overall UPSC Philosophy Syllabus for next exam has been officially released recently and we have provided below the updated details on that. With Proper preparation, UPSC Philosophy Syllabus can be easily taken over to the perfection.

Important Details on UPSC Philosophy Syllabus

Total Coverage 3 Sections
UPSC Philosophy Syllabus Download
Sub Sections Eight
Preparation Time 625 Hours

Prelude to UPSC Philosophy Syllabus

Note First and foremost, you must talk to someone who has taken Philosophy as an optional earlier and take their advice. There has been a common misconception among the students that UPSC Philosophy Syllabus is a hard nut to crack and its better to leave it as an optional paper. You are absolutely wrong.

Even through the Philosophy Syllabus portion in UPSC looks very huge and hard to study, once you start reading through few chapters, you will come to an absolute conclusion that UPSC Philosophy Syllabus is one of the most interesting and easiest of all the papers in entire UPSC Syllabus.

UPSC Philosophy Question Papers

Below we have provided the exclusive downloads of UPSC Philosophy Question Papers. These Philosophy Question Papers have been compressed so that the download will be much faster and it will consume less internet data.

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Section A: UPSC Philosophy Syllabus

History and Problems of Philosophy

  1. Plato and Aristotle: Ideas; Substance; Form and Matter; Causation; Actuality and Potentiality.
  2. Rationalism (Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz): Cartesian Method and Certain Knowledge; Substance; God; Mind-Body Dualism; Determinism and Freedom.
  3. Empiricism (Locke, Berkeley, Hume): Theory of Knowledge; Substance and Qualities; Self and God; Scepticism.
  4. Kant: Possibility of Synthetic a priori Judgments; Space and Time; Categories; Ideas of Reason; Antinomies; Critique of Proofs for the Existence of God
  5. Hegel: Dialectical Method; Absolute Idealism
  6. Moore, Russell and Early Wittgenstein: Defence of Commonsense; Refutation of Idealism; Logical Atomism; Logical Constructions; Incomplete Symbols; Picture Theory of Meaning; Saying and Showing.
  7. Logical Positivism: Verification Theory of Meaning; Rejection of Metaphysics; Linguistic Theory of Necessary Propositions.
  8. Later Wittgenstein: Meaning and Use; Language-games; Critique of Private Language.
  9. Phenomenology (Husserl): Method; Theory of Essences; Avoidance of Psychologism.
  10. Existentialism (Kierkegaard, Sartre, Heidegger): Existence and Essence; Choice, Responsibility and Authentic Existence; Being-in-the –world and Temporality.
  11. Quine and Strawson: Critique of Empiricism; Theory of Basic Particulars and Persons.
  12. Ca-rva-ka : Theory of Knowledge; Rejection of Transcendent Entities.
  13. Jainism: Theory of Reality; Saptabhan(ginaya; Bondage and Liberation.
  14. Schools of Buddhism: Prati-tyasamutpa-da; Ksanikavada, Naira-tmyava-da
  15. Nya-ya- Vais’esika: Theory of Categories; Theory of Appearance; Theory of Prama-na; Self, Liberation; God; Proofs for the Existence of God; Theory of Causation; Atomistic Theory of Creation.
  16. Sa-mkhya: Prakrti; Purusa; Causation; Liberation
  17. Yoga: Citta; Cittavrtti; Klesas; Samadhi; Kaivalya.
  18. Mima-msa-: Theory of Knowledge
  19. Schools of Veda-nta: Brahman; I-s’vara; A-tman; Jiva; Jagat; Ma-ya-; Avidya-; Adhya-sa; Moksa; Aprthaksiddhi; Pancavidhabheda
  20. Aurobindo: Evolution, Involution; Integral Yoga.

UPSC Philosophy Syllabus (UPSC Mains Philosophy Notes PDF and also Books Philosophy Question Papers) FinApp

Section B: UPSC Philosophy Syllabus

Socio-Political Philosophy

  1. Social and Political Ideals: Equality, Justice, Liberty.
  2. Sovereignty: Austin, Bodin, Laski, Kautilya.
  3. Individual and State: Rights; Duties and Accountability
  4. Forms of Government: Monarchy; Theocracy and Democracy.
  5. Political Ideologies: Anarchism; Marxism and Socialism
  6. Humanism; Secularism; Multiculturalism.
  7. Crime and Punishment: Corruption, Mass Violence, Genocide, Capital Punishment.
  8. Development and Social Progress.
  9. Gender Discrimination: Female Foeticide, Land and Property Rights; Empowernment.
  10. Caste Discrimination: Gandhi and Ambedkar

Philosophy of Religion : UPSC Philosophy Syllabus

  1. Notions of God: Attributes; Relation to Man and the World. (Indian and Western).
  2. Proofs for the Existence of God and their Critique (Indian and Western).
  3. Problem of Evil.
  4. Soul: Immortality; Rebirth and Liberation.
  5. Reason, Revelation and Faith.
  6. Religious Experience: Nature and Object (Indian and Western).
  7. Religion without God.
  8. Religion and Morality.
  9. Religious Pluralism and the Problem of Absolute Truth.
  10. Nature of Religious Language: Analogical and Symbolic; Cognitivist and Non- cognitive.

Also See Syllabus Details of Other Courses like:

UPSC Anthropology Syllabus UPSC Psychology Syllabus
GATE AE Syllabus CFA Level 1 Syllabus
FRM Level 1 Syllabus CS Professional Syllabus
UPSC Geography Syllabus UPSC Botany Syllabus
UPSC Zoology Syllabus UPSC Statistics Syllabus
UPSC Maths Syllabus UPSC Physics Syllabus

Conclusion on UPSC Mains Philosophy Syllabus

It is always said that the wise men words are often neglected. However, we would like to again stress the fact that the Philosophy Syllabus in UPSC is one of the most important and crucial things that has to be properly taken care of.

Not just for examination point of view, Philosophy Syllabus in UPSC helps you in the overal development to become a good responsible officer who will play a crucial role in the development of the country in the decades to come.

Philosophy can be a good optional if you are extremely brilliant at it but i do have a few problems. Philosophyis not going to help an ias in any possible way.

There has been a news circulating that, UPSC may remove optionals in coming years.mind you its not a rumor but actual happening in near future.

If readers have any further questions on UPSC Philosophy Syllabus, you can drop us a mail or even post your question below on our comments section.