UPSC Geography Syllabus 2018 (Prelims PDF) Hindi Eng

UPSC Geography Syllabus Prelims (Geography Hindi Syllabus PDF) : Indian and World Geography is part of the UPSC Prelims Syllabus and one of the most widely covered topics in entire UPSC Syllabus. The Last time the UPSC Geography Syllabus Prelims was updated way back in 2013. Since then, there are not many changes in the overall Geography Syllabus. However, there are few notable changes in World Geography Syllabus. This Paper covers certain crucial areas such as Natural Resources, Climate, Oceans etc. Geography is study of the physical features of the earth and its atmosphere, and of human activity as it affects and is affected by these. However, in UPSC Geography Syllabus, much wider topics will be covered.

Overall View of the UPSC Geography Syllabus Prelims and Weightage

Geography Syllabus Divisions 2 Sections
Preparation Time 260 Hours
Recent Changes 2%
Priority Very High

Paper- I Principles of Geography

Section A : Physical Geography Syllabus

Geomorphology : UPSC Geography Syllabus Prelims

  1. Factors controlling landform development
  2. endogenetic and exogenetic forces
  3. origin and evolution of the earth’s crust
  4. physical conditions of the earth’s interior
  5. geosynclines; continental drift; isostasy
  6. sea-floor spreading; plate tectonics
  7. mountain building; volcanicity
  8. earthquakes
  9. concepts of geomorphic cycles
  10. landforms associated with fluvial, arid, glacial, coastal and karst cycle
  11. groundwater
  12. Applied Geomorphology.

Climatology : UPSC Geography Syllabus Prelims

  1.  Temperature and pressure belts of the world
  2. heat budget of the earth; atmospheric circulation
  3. planetary and local winds; monsoons and jet streams
  4. air masses and fronts
  5. temperate and tropical cyclones
  6. types and distribution of precipitation
  7. Koppen’s and Thornthwaite’s classification of world climate
  8. hydrological cycle
  9. Climatic change

Oceanography : UPSC Geography Syllabus Prelims

  1. Bottom topography of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans
  2. Temperature and salinity of the oceans
  3. Ocean deposits; ocean currents and tides
  4. Marine resources-biotic, mineral and energy resources
  5. Coral reefs
  6. Sea-level changes

Biogeography : UPSC Geography Syllabus Prelims

  1. Genesis of soils
  2. classification and distribution of soils
  3. soil profile; soil erosion and conservation
  4. factors influencing world distribution of plants and animals
  5. problems of deforestation and conservation measures
  6. social forestry, agro-forestry

Environmental Geography : UPSC Geography Syllabus Prelims

  1. Human ecological adaptations
  2. transformation of nature by man
  3. environmental degradation and conservawtin
  4. ecosystems and their management
  5. global ecological imbalances-problems of pollution, global warming

Section B : Human Geography

  • Perspectives in Human Geography
  • Economic Geography
  • Population and Settlement Geography
  • Regional Planning
  • Models, Theories and Laws in Human Geography

Paper- II Principles of Geography

Section A : Physical Geography Syllabus

Physical Setting : 

  1. Space relationship of India with neighbouring countries
  2. structure and relief
  3. drainage system and watersheds
  4. physiographic regions
  5. mechanism of Indian monsoons
  6. tropical cyclones and western distrubances
  7. floods and droughts; climatic regions
  8. natural vegetation, soil types and their distributions

Resources : 

  1. Land, surface and groundwater
  2. energy, minerals, and biotic resources, their distribution, utilisation and conservation; energy crisis

Agriculture : 

  1. Infrastructure-irrigation, seeds, fertilizers, power
  2. institutional factors-land holdings, land tenure and land reforms
  3. agricultural productivity, agricultural intensity, crop combination, land capability
  4. agro-and social forestry
  5. green revolution and its socio-economic and ecological implications
  6. significance of dry farming
  7. livestock resources and white revolution
  8. blue revolution
  9. agricultural regionalisation
  10. agro-climatic zones

Industry : 

  1. Evolution of industries
  2. locational factors of cotton, jute, iron and steel, fertiliser, paper, drugs and pharmaceutical, automobile and cottage indusries
  3. industrial complexes and industrial regionalisaiton
  4. new industrial policy
  5. multinationals and liberalisation

Transport, Communication and Trade : 

  1. Road, railway, waterway, airway and pipeline networks and their complementary roles in regional development
  2. Growing importance of ports on national and foreign trade, trade balance
  3. Free trade and export promotion zones
  4. Developments in communication technology and its impact on economy and society

Section B : Other Geography Topic Syllabus

Cultural Setting : 

  1. Racial and ethnic diversities
  2. major tribes, tribal areas and their problems
  3. role of langague, religion and tradition in the formation of cultural regions; growth, distribution and density of population
  4. demographic attributes-sex-ratio, age structure, literacy rate, work-force, dependency ratio and longevity
  5. migration (inter-regional, intra-regional and international) and associated problems, population problems and policies

Settlements : 

  1. Types, patterns and morphology of rural settlements
  2. urban development
  3. census definition of urban areas
  4. morphology of Indian cities
  5. functional classification of Indian cities
  6. conurbations and metropolitan regions
  7. urban sprawl; slums and associated problems
  8. town planning
  9. problems of urbanisaiton

Regional Development and Planning :

  1. Experience of regional planning in India
  2. Five Year Plans
  3. integrated rural development programmes; panchayati raj and decentralised planning; command area development
  4. watershed management
  5. planning for backward area, desert drought-prone, hill and tribal area development
  6. multi-level planning
  7. geography and regional planning

Political Aspects : 

  1. Geographical basis of Indian federalism
  2. state reorganisation
  3. regional consciousness and national integration
  4. international boundary of India and related issues
  5. disputes on sharing of water resources
  6. India and geopolitics of the Indian Ocean

Contemporary Issues :

  • Environmental hazards-landslides, earthquakes, floods and droughts, epidemics
  • issues related to environmental pollution
  • changes in patterns of land use
  • principles of environmental impact assessment and environmental management
  • population explosion and food security
  • environmental degradation
  • problems of agrarian and industrial unrest
  • regional disparities in economic development
  • concept of sustainable growth and development

Also See Syllabus Details of Other Courses like:

UPSC Anthropology UPSC Botany
GATE AE CFA Level 1
FRM Level 1 CS Professional

Conclusion : UPSC Geography Syllabus Prelims

It is always said that the wise men words are often neglected. However, we would like to again stress the fact that the GeographySyllabus in UPSC is one of the most important and crucial things that has to be properly taken care of.

UPSC Prelims Geography Syllabus PDF Hindi English Telugu Tamil Kannada Malayalam Marathi Bengali Oriya Gujarati

Not just for examination point of view, Geography Syllabus in UPSC helps you in the overal development to become a good responsible officer who will play a crucial role in the development of the country in the decades to come.

Geography can be a good optional if you are extremely brilliant at it but i do have a few problems. Geography is not going to help an ias in any possible way.

Upsc may remove optionals in coming years.mind you its not a rumour but actual happening in near future.

If readers have any further doubts on UPSC Geography Syllabus, you can drop us a mail or even post your question below on our comments section.